WORD ORDER 2
I like broccoli but I like more cauliflower.
This one depends on the context, but from the evidence we have with the example, this would suggest this is a problem with the order of 'cauliflower' and 'more'.
If the statement given by the speaker is during a meal, and there is a choice of broccoli and cauliflower, this may be a response to a question given by someone else at the table:
Would you like some more broccoli? You don't have much on your plate.
Well, I do like broccoli but I would like some more cauliflower.
So it is not quite the same which is why it appears the word order is the problem.
The speaker may be making the example statement at any time and not necessarily during a meal as a response to the question Do you like broccoli? And if they do, but they prefer cauliflower, they should say I like cauliflower more. This is a little colloquail - it might be better to say I prefer cauliflower - but we understand what you mean.
Just remember this rule: If you would like more/less cauliflower, you are talking about the amount, or proportion; if you are saying I like cauliflower more/less, you are talking about what you like better, or your preference - what you prefer.
An additional note: when presented as food on the table, cauliflower and broccoli are uncountable nouns. They are countable if you are talking about one whole cauliflower or broccoli, or any other fruit or vegetable from which you take a part (or portion) of it.