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This is where new entries for the Not4GrammarBores glossary are written and worked on before added to the main section.
DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE See identifying relative clause.
IDENTIFYING RELATIVE CLAUSES These are relative clauses which tells us the noun that it is referring to - the person or thing that's being talked about. For example, There's the company that makes chocolates. She's the woman who wants to buy the house. Look! It's the man who tried to sell me a car. The relative clause beginning with who, which, where or that identifies the person or thing and tells us what person or thing is meant. So the clause that makes chocolates identifies the company - it tells us which company is meant - the one the speaker is talking about. Also known as a defining relative clause and restrictive relative clause.
RESTRICTIVE RELATIVE CLAUSE See identifying relative clause.
NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE See non-identifying relative clause.
NON-IDENTIFYING RELATIVE CLAUSE These are relative clauses which do not tell us the noun that it is referring to, usually because it's clear to us what it's being referred to - the person or thing that's being talked about. For example, There's J.C. Burstow, who sold me a bad car. The relative clause beginning with who, which, where or that does not identify the person or thing as the person is already identified by the name of J.C. Burstow. That's BDU, the organisation that manufactures chocolates. It's Brian Smith, the man who wanted to steal my dog. Also known as a non-restrictive relative clause and a non-defining relative clause.
NON-RESTRICTIVE RELATIVE CLAUSE See non-identifying relative clause.